The agency's two types of emergency braking systems are crash imminent braking (CIB) and dynamic brake support (DBS). Safety technologies developed by the NHTSA have saved an estimated 613,501 lives since 1960.
"Today marks an enormous leap in the evolution of auto safety by encouraging adoption of new technologies to keep drivers and their passengers safe on our roads," said U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx. "I want this Department, the entire automotive industry, and other innovators to keep raising the bar on safety like we are doing now."
According to NHTSA data, one-third of all police-reported crashes in 2013 involved a rear-end collision with another vehicle at the start of the crash. The agency also found that a large number of drivers involved in rear-end crashes either did not apply the brakes at all or did not apply the brakes fully prior to the crash. Crash imminent braking and dynamic brake support systems can intervene by automatically applying the vehicle's brakes or supplementing the driver's braking effort.
These AEB systems, along with other innovations such as vehicle-to-vehicle communications (V2V) and automated vehicle technologies hold great promise to prevent even more crashes, building upon the successes of crashworthiness and crash avoidance technologies currently available in vehicles today.
"Adding AEB to our list of recommended features will encourage consumers to consider AEB as a factor in their new car purchase and encourage automakers to make this important innovation more widely available," said NHTSA Administrator Mark Rosekind. "NCAP is a critical tool for enhancing safety, so we are also looking at additional innovations to the program to capitalize on this exciting period of progress in safety technology."
Vehicles with Recommended Advanced Technology Features already included under NCAP can be viewed on www.safercar.gov. The site also includes NHTSA's widely known 5-Star Safety Ratings, which measure the crashworthiness and rollover safety of vehicles.